Medicinal Herbs

Common Name  Latin Name  Uses, Comments 
Yarrow Achillea
millefolium
Diuretic, leaves stop bleeding

Beverage – Used in flavoring liquors (P)

Monkshood Aconitum carmichaelii Topical anesthetic ointment, narcotic properties (CAUTION: Can be extremely poisonous) (P)
Garlic Allium sativum Regular consumption to ward off cold and flu; treats bronchitis, allergies,
asthma; helps cholesterol, diabetes
Culinary – Cloves used in cooking (P)
Marshmallow Althaea officinalis Soothes irritations and inflammations of the skin, throat, eyes, lungs, and
urinary organs; also treats coughs and colds (P)
Aloe Aloe vera Used topically to treat minor burns and skin irritations, insect bites, and
poison ivy; moisturizing and softening properties (A)
Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa Roots used as lung expectorant, anti-inflammatory, respiratory problems,
tuberosa pleurisy (P)
Horseradish Armoracia rusticana Digestive stimulant, diuretic; cold remedy, chest and sinus congestion; increases circulation
Culinary – Roots used as a condiment (P)
 European Arnica  Arnica montana Flowers used in ointments and liniments to ease body aches and sore muscles (A)
 Black Cohosh  Cimcifuga racemosa  Acts as muscle relaxer; soothes coughing, female reproductive system, rattlesnake bites (P)
 Turmeric  Curcuma longa  Roots contain powerful antioxidant; anti-inflammatory, pain relief; helps
with cancers, Alzheimer’s, psoriasis
Culinary – Used to flavor curries and mustards (A)
 Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea  Strengthens immune system, treats cold and flu; antiviral, anti-flammatory and antibiotic properties
Beverages – Popular in tea (P)
 Boneset  Eupatorium perfoliatum  Treats fevers (including ‘breakbone’ fever), coughs, and colds; arthritis, minor inflammation; indigestion, constipation (P)
 Gingko Ginko Bilba  Aids brain efficiency, respiratory system (P)
 Licorice  Glycyrrhiza glabra  Roots used to soothe coughs, throat and chest complaints; improves flavor of bitter medicinal teas (P)
 Hyssop  Hyssopus officinalis  Cough medicine; treats bruises and wounds
Beverage – Used in flavoring liquors (P)
 Elecampane  Inula helenium  Upper respiratory problems (P)
 Lavender  Lavendula Species  Headaches, anxiety, depression, nausea; most popular essential oil in the
world (P)
Flax Linum usitatissimum Seeds used in poultice to treat rheumatism and infections (A)
Horehound Marrubium vulgare Used in cough drops, cough syrup, medicinal candies; tea made from
leaves and honey soothes sore throat (P)
Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis Used as a tea to cure fevers, calm nerves, and stimulate the heart (P)
Peppermint Mentha x piperita Leaves used in herbal teas to aid digestion, soothe headaches (P)
Wild Quinine Parthenium Integrifolium Diuretic, aids kidney and bladder complaints; immune enhancing properties similar to Echinacea (P)
Common Selfheal Prunella vulgaris Self-administered cure for many ills; sore throats and other minor ailments (P)
Chinese Foxglove Rehmannia elata Supports kidney and liver function, astringent properties help stop bleeding (A)
Castor Bean Ricinus communis Plant is source of castor oil (CAUTION: Seeds are poisonous) (A)
Rosemary Rosmarinus Oil used to relieve tension and calm indigestion (A)
Elder Sambucus nigra Berries high in vitamin C; used to treat flu; flower water used to soothe and tone sensitive skin (P)
Skullcap Scutellaria
baicalensis
Ancient sleep aid remedy, nerve tonic, sedative; reduces anxiety and nervousness; relieves cold, fever; lowers blood pressure and cholesterol (P)
Comfrey Symphytum  officinale External compress for sprains, strains, cuts, and wounds (P)
Feverfew Tanacetum
parthenium
Treats inflammation, migraines; lowers body temperature in fevers (P)
Wall Germander Teucruium
chamaedrys
Treats gout and rheumatism; medicinal qualities similar to horehound

Beverages – Used in tonic wines and vermouth (P)

Valarian Valeriana officinalis Dried rhizomes used to treat nervous system problems, insomnia, anxiety,
headaches; sedative properties (P)
Ginger Zingiber
officinale
Popular in Chinese medicine; treats colds, nausea, arthritis; aids in digestion Culinary – Roots used in cooking (A)